Greek and Roman religion was polytheistic; ancient Greeks and Romans worshipped many gods and goddesses. … Devout members of both groups believed that there were gods who influenced all natural phenomena.
Did ancient philosophers believe in God?
Some of the philosophers believed in a sort of Deist God (but that is an anachronistic term pre-Enlightenment), sometimes called “the philosopher’s god”, the First Cause, or Prime Mover, or a similar concept.
Which philosopher said there is no God?
Although the statement “If there is no God, everything is permitted” is widely attributed to Dostoyevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov (Sartre was the first to do so in his Being and Nothingness), he simply never said it.
Which Greek philosopher was an atheist?
Most histories of atheism choose the Greek and Roman philosophers Epicurus, Democritus, and Lucretius as the first atheist writers. While these writers certainly changed the idea of God, they didn’t entirely deny that gods could exist.
What percentage of philosophers believe in God?
8. God: atheism 72.8%; theism 14.6%; other 12.6%. 9.
Did the Greeks literally believe in the gods?
The vast majority of people in ancient Greece really believed in the Greek gods, but there were some dissenters who questioned traditional ideas about the gods and a few people who were not completely sure about the gods’ existence.
Did Greek philosophers believe in the Greek gods?
No. They accept the myths as moral stories and base of their cultural tradition, and didn’t attempt to destroy that myths. I think they were aware that the many gods were someway representations of natural forces, and for sure they didn’t believe in human-like gods living on a mountain.
Does Nietzsche believe in God?
Nietzsche rejects the Christian God, he is not ‘anti-religious. … Nietzsche views Dionysian pantheism as a solution to the problems of pain and death, and argues for the flourishing of a new ‘festival,’ based on a humanity-affirming religion modeled on that of the ancient Greeks.
Does Socrates believe in God?
Socrates: Early Years
Socrates was born and lived nearly his entire life in Athens. … Although he never outright rejected the standard Athenian view of religion, Socrates’ beliefs were nonconformist. He often referred to God rather than the gods, and reported being guided by an inner divine voice.
Why Is God dead according to Nietzsche?
Nietzsche used the phrase to express his idea that the Enlightenment had eliminated the possibility of the existence of God. However, proponents of the strongest form of the Death of God theology have used the phrase in a literal sense, meaning that the Christian God, who had existed at one point, has ceased to exist.
What was Nietzsche religion?
Indeed, such was the enormous freedom that Nietzsche felt in throwing off his Christian upbringing that he came to describe it in terms of salvation. With the most extraordinary rhetorical daring, he borrowed the language of Christianity to articulate the liberation he discovered in this new-found lack of faith.
Who is the father of atheism?
Friedrich Nietzsche: father of atheist existentialism. J Existent. Spring 1966;6(23):269-77.
Does Epicurus believe in God?
Religion. Epicureanism does not deny the existence of the gods; rather it denies their involvement in the world. According to Epicureanism, the gods do not interfere with human lives or the rest of the universe in any way – thus, it shuns the idea that frightening weather events are divine retribution.
Did all philosophers believe in God?
What percentage of philosophers believe in God? About three-quarters of philosophers in that field believe in God, although a survey of all philosophers (primarily analytic, from English-speaking countries) a few years ago showed that only about one-quarter are theists.
Why are the majority of philosophers atheist?
Gutting suggests that perhaps philosophers are atheists because they think the arguments for God fail, but Plantinga argues that the failure of all arguments for God’s existence would merely justify agnosticism (remaining neutral about God’s existence), not atheism (believing that God does not exist).
What do philosophers say about religion?
For philosophers there are no ideas to be accepted on faith. Philosophy of Religion is rational thought about religious issues and concerns without a presumption of the existence of a deity or reliance on acts of faith. Philosophers examine the nature of religion and religious beliefs.